Your database upgrade fails. You see some or all of the syntax errors below in the DB installation log:
Error SQL72014: .Net SqlClient Data Provider: Msg 102, Level 15, State 1, Line 117 Incorrect syntax near 'RAI'.
Error SQL72014: .Net SqlClient Data Provider: Msg 102, Level 15, State 1, Line 172 Incorrect syntax near 'TRY'
The variable name '@ERROR_SEVERITY' has already been declared. Variable names must be unique within a query batch or stored procedure
You have a value "Forced" for Parameterization in the setting shown below
Change the setting to "Simple" and save. Now the upgrade should work.